Defending the Rights of Detained Filipina Health Workers
In an unlawful and unjustified sweep, 43 health workers–including two pregnant women–were detained nine months ago in Morong, Philippines. The women and men were separated and sent to prison camps without explanation. Three women have since “disappeared.” Find out more in this exclusive interview with the women workers from inside the detention center.
By CATHERINE A. TRAYWICK
When we enter the women’s ward of the sprawling, open-air prison complex, we are greeted by a flurry of yellow behind a thin wall of bars. The 23 women we have come to visit are already waiting, buzzing around a wooden table just outside of the cell they share, eager to embrace those among us whom they knew in their former lives.
Each is wearing a brightly-colored t-shirt that reads “Free the 43 Health Workers” and, as the barred gate closes behind the last of us, the crowd bursts into song–a hymn about the strength of women–and some begin to cry.
At the time of our visit, the women (who range in age from early-20s to early-60s) had been imprisoned at this facility for nearly two months and, prior to that, were detained at a high-security military camp for three months. As I write this months later, they are still behind bars. By now, they’ve been locked up for nearly nine months—long enough for two of them, pregnant at the time of their arrests, to give birth in jail.
Within the crowd of 23, one woman is a doctor. Two are midwives. The rest are volunteer community health workers. They are happy to share their stories.
One by one, on the day of our visit, they recount the day of their arrest: That morning, they had been participating in a first-responder health training at a local doctor’s house, sponsored by Community Medicine Development Foundation. In the middle of their workshop, they found themselves surrounded by armed Philippines military and provincial police.
They were all, indiscriminatingly, bound, blind-folded and brought to an undisclosed location where they were interrogated for 36 hours and, some say, tortured. They were 43 when they were arrested in Morong, Rizal. Now they are fractured into three groups: 23 women are housed here, at Bagong Diwa Prison; 15 men are housed in the same prison’s high-security ward; and five women and men remain isolated at the military camp.
The arresting officers claim that the health workers are members of the New People’s Army (NPA), the armed wing of the insurgent Communist Party of the Philippines. They also claim that the health workers were making bombs at the doctor’s home. Recently, they started claiming that the health workers were medics of the NPA.
The accusations are ever-changing and outlandish, even in a country as deeply divided as the Philippines. When I ask them, the women vehemently deny all accusations. Numerous local human rights, health and women’s organizations have similarly rejected the allegations, in support of the health workers. The national ire sparked by their continued imprisonment has since fomented into international outrage. Amnesty International has called for a prompt and independent investigation into the legality of the arrest and detention of the health workers, as well as into allegations of torture, and the president of the Philippines has even spoken out (albeit cautiously) about the illegality of the arrests. But as yet all 43 remain in custody.
Sitting amidst the women, whose stories evoke both tears and laughter, it would be difficult to believe that they are terrorists, as the military claims. It’s much easier to believe that they are victims, caught up in the government’s controversial counter-insurgency campaign before anyone knew what was happening. For hours, they talk about the indignities they suffered at the military camp where, for five days, they were denied their right to counsel.
One of them explains that they were diapered during the first 36 hours of their detention, after which they were only allowed to use the toilet with the assistance of guards, who removed and replaced their underwear each time. An older woman tells us that she was isolated from the other women and that the interrogating officer repeatedly called her “mother” in between accusations. Another young woman recalls the day that three women were removed from the cell they shared, the guards muffling screams with heavy palms. They never saw those women again. They have since been told that the missing women, along with two of the men, are still at the military camp and that they are “cooperating” with officials.
While the health workers maintain that they are not affiliated with the NPA, they are honest about being community activists. “It’s hard to be a community health worker and not become an activist,” explains Merry Clamor, a 33-year-old doctor. When one sees the poor conditions of the people, she adds, one is compelled to advocate in their interests.
The contributions of health workers are profoundly felt by Philippines communities, which is, in part, why so many are outraged by the ongoing detention of the Morong 43. Following implementation of socially retrogressive programs imposed by the World Bank and the IMF in the 1980s and 1990s, the nation privatized its health-care system, effectively rendering it economically prohibitive and thus inaccessible to most Filipinos.
According to Ibon International, privatization has lowered government spending on health care to a mere 1.7 percent of total national expenditures over the last decade. For many Filipinos, the care offered by all-volunteer community health teams is the only care they are likely to ever receive.
“We are doing the work that the government refuses to do,” Clamor says, “and this is how they repay us.”
The Morong 43 are not the first community health workers to be accused of being NPA members and summarily arrested. At least 8 others have been detained or killed prior to their arrest. The human rights organization Karapatan, which keeps a running record of detentions, disappearances and deaths associated with the government’s counter-insurgency program, calculates that 59 women (of 317 people in total) have been taken into custody as political prisoners under the current administration–among them community organizers, health workers and environmental activists.
Nevertheless, the women remain optimistic. While their families, lawyers, and organizations try to secure their release, they are putting their skills to use in the women’s ward–they’ve started performing health check-ups on other inmates and, in their spare time, they make colorful beaded necklaces that read “Free 43.”
Before we leave, they insist on singing us another song.
CATHERINE A. TRAYWICK is an immigration blogger for The Media Consortium, and a staff writer for Campus Progress. She interned at Ms. in the spring of 2010. She has a B.A. in English and a minor in Women & Gender Studies from Arizona State University.
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Filipino American Women Honor the Disappeared and Families that Search for them
On August 30th, GABRIELA USA commemorates the 27th International Day of the Disappeared, a day to remember the thousands of people that have been kidnapped or secretly imprisoned across the world. As Filipina-Americans in the US, we remember the hundreds of missing Filipino community workers, union leaders, teachers, journalists, and civilians that have been subject to enforced disappearances by the Philippine government. In the last decade in the Philippines, there have been over 200 enforced disappearances with 31 of them being women under presidency of Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (GMA). GABRIELA USA also stands in solidarity with the thousands missing across the globe from Mexico, Colombia, Algeria, and other countries demanding the surfacing these citizens.
These disappearances have had a grave impact on women, especially the mothers of those who have disappeared. Edith Burgos, mother of Jonas Burgos who was abducted three years ago in Quezon City allegedly by the Philippines military, is still searching for her son. Connie Empeno and Linda Cadapan are mothers of Karen Empeno and Sherlyn Cadapan, students at University of the Philippines-Diliman that were kidnapped four years ago in Bulacan while doing research. These mothers have not stopped searching for their children, and have become advocates and fighters for all those who have disappeared. We honor not only those who are still missing, but also the relatives that are still searching for their loved ones. Mothers have lost their children. Wives have lost their loved ones. Children have lost their parents. There must be justice for these families.
There have also been cases of those who have disappeared, but who have surfaced due to international pressure, including Melissa Roxas, a U.S. Citizen and Filipino American human rights advocate who volunteered for a community medical mission in the Philippines. Last year in 2009, she was forcibly abducted at gunpoint, believed to be by Philippine military, along with two companions, blindfolded, and thrown into a cell where she endured physical and psychological torture until finally being released six days after. She was surfaced due to an immediate campaign coming from people’s organizations including KARAPATAN and BAYAN USA who filed missing reports that hit international news circuits.
These cases of enforced disappearances are not individual cases, but a trend in conjunction with the Philippine military’s Oplan Bantay Laya (OBL). This program was GMA’s counter-insurgency plan that has terrorized thousands of innocent civilians and has paved the way for extreme human rights violations. Since 2001, there have been over 1200 extrajudicial killings along with over 200 enforced disappearances. OBL places Filipinos at the mercy of a government that prohibits due process, and has resulted in an increased population of missing persons. Under newly elected President Aquino, OBL continues to be the primary excuse to assassinate, illegally imprison, or abduct labor leaders, teachers, and other community workers by targeting them as armed insurgents.
While newly elected president, Benigno Aquino III, has promised to thoroughly investigate these disappearances under Arroyo, we must continue to hold him and his administration accountable to pursue justice for the disappeared, their families, and all victims of human rights violations. As president of the Philippines, he should put an end to the terror of OBL by scrapping it and putting an end to this “witch hunt”, and investigating the cases of thousands of unsolved human rights violations.
GABRIELA USA strongly condemns the culture of impunity deeply embedded within the Philippines. We urge for the prosecution Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and all involved government and military officials for their crimes against the Filipino people. We demand justice for all victims of enforced disappearances and extrajudicial killings through the release of all political prisoners, and the surfacing of all victims of enforced disappearances.
SURFACE THE DISAPPEARED!
PROSECUTE GMA! END IMPUNITY IN THE PHILIPPINES!
SCRAP OPLAN BANTAY LAYA!
JUSTICE FOR ALL VICTIMS OF HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES!